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Desiderio Consultants Ltd. is a think tank and a network of independent professional international development consultants established to promote and influence customs & trade-related policies in African nations to achieve trade facilitation reforms aimed at improving international and regional trade
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Time Release Studies for the efficiency of the customs clearance

Time Release Studies (TRS) are a trade facilitation tool utilized by Customs to quantify the average times taken for the clearance of goods at the various entry locations in a territory (e.g. ports, airports and land borders). Their adoption dates back to the beginning of ninetiees of 20th century, on initiative of the American and Japanese customs. At international level, their adoption is recommendend since 1994 by the World Customs Organization (WCO), that on 2002 issued also guidelines to guide their members in the correct use of such a tool.

TRS allow in particular to customs administrations to measure and break down into separate phases, time required from the arrival of goods in the importing Country to their release, in order to identify bottlenecks, delays and constraints in the customs clearance process and implement adequate corrective actions.

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Harmonized System, ready amendments for the year 2012

In the international trade, the proper customs classification of exchanged goods is an extremely important operation, being the basis for the application of both tariff and non-tariff measures, as well as of the commercial policy measures established by the customs legislation. Such operation in the practice is executed by coupling a numerical code to each good, that apart from the tariff function (as it permits the determination of custom duties on the importation or, in some cases, on the exportation of goods to which they relate), has also a statistical purpose, as it allows an easier collection of the data concerning the interchanges of such goods that, in turn, facilitates the comparison with the statistics elaborated by other Countries.

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AEO: mutual agreement concluded with Japan

On 24 June 2010, EU and Japan announced the conclusion of an agreement on the mutual recognition of the respective AEO programs. Such Agreement, that will be soonly available on the Official Journal of the EU (the provisional version is here), offers a set of trade facilitations to those certified operators established in the EU and Japan that have invested in the strenghtening and in the securiity of their logistic chains.

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Published the WCO report 2009 on the Intellectual Proprierty Rights

On the web site of the World Customs Organization a summary of the three annual reports (2009), concerning the global traffic: 1) of products violating intellectual property rights, 2) of drugs and 3) of illicit trade of tobacco goods, is available. Such reports analyse a large set of data extracted from the Customs Enforcement Network (CEN), an internet-based system developed by the WCO, allowing the exchange of data and information for “intelligence” purposes among the customs administrations of the Countries member of the Organization, concerning: tax and duty evasion, illicit trade of currency and other types of "sensitive" goods (e.g. drugs, precursors, tobacco, alcolic beverages, nuclear materials, etc.).

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The 'restyling' of the "Community law"

The so-called “Community law” is the main implementing tool of the EU Directives in the Italian legal system. It flanks more traditional mechanisms based on the active involvement of the Government in the transposition of such laws, based on a delegation of legislative powers carried out from time to time by the Parliament.

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