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US Customs: guidelines on the ruling programme

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) recentently published on its website a new “Informed Compliance Publication” on the presentation of reuests of “ruling” to the customs authorities. “Ruling” requests are very similar to the binding information on tariff (BTI) or origin (BOI) issues regulated by the Community customs Code. They consist of a decision of customs, adopted in the form of a letter (“letter of ruling”), that communicates to the operator, on his request, how goods will be traited with regards to their tariff classification and/or origin when they will be imported in the US territory. This mechanism allows operators to avoid both formal errors in the customs declaration and exposure to the relevant sanctions.

Il documento in questione, dal titolo “What Every Member of the Trade Community Should Know About: U.S. Customs & Border Protection Rulings Program”, descrive le procedure di compilazione e presentazione delle relative istanze e quelle di richiesta di eventuali revisioni di “ruling letters” precedentemente emesse dalle dogane.

Si ricorda che le dogane americane hanno adottato da qualche tempo una politica nota come "informed compliance"  tramite la quale si impegnano a raccogliere periodicamente in maniera organica, attraverso apposite pubblicazioni denominate “Informed Compliance publications” (ICPs), tutte le regole con cui vengono trattate le spedizioni in territorio americano di merci estere. Una volta pubblicate, “ ignorantia legis non excusat”, ossia gli operatori non possono beneficiare più di alcuna scusante e non è concesso loro di lamentare il fatto di non essere stati a conoscenza delle regole in questione.

 

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