Tuesday, February 25, 2020
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Desiderio Consultants Ltd. is a think tank and a network of independent professional international development consultants established to promote and influence customs & trade-related policies in African nations to achieve trade facilitation reforms aimed at improving international and regional trade
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Data analysis techniques for enhancing the performance of Customs

WCJ"Data analysis techniques for enhancing the performance of Customs", article by Danilo Desiderio published on the World Customs Journal, Volume 13, Number 2, September 2019 (Section 1- Academic Contributions). The article, available here, explains how data collection and analysis techniques, if properly used by Customs, can help such administration to act in a targeted way and more efficiently.

Bilateral vs. multilateral cross-border road transport permits

To date, many States worldwide have in force national laws governing the circulation over their respective roads of vehicles from other countries carrying passengers or freight for commercial reasons. These laws are mainly aimed to protect their national transport industry by restricting the entry in their territory of road hauliers from neighbouring countries. In practice, this is done via the implementation of a permit regime where foreign road-transport hauliers are required to obtain a special circulation permit from the authorities of the country where they want to move with their cargo or passengers. The permit must be held in the vehicle and be showed to the enforcement agencies in the country of circulation on their request. In most cases the permit allows them to follow fixed itineraries or to use only particular transport routes, so reducing the traditional flexibility which is typical of road transport.


Trade facilitation as a means to promote regional integration

Over the last 70 years, since the establishment of the GATT (1947), tariffs have progressively declined as a consequence of the increasing number of trade agreements concluded among States, both at bilateral and multilateral level, with the aim to abolish or reduce customs duties and other taxes with equivalent effect applied especially on imports.


Third UN Global Survey on Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation

The 2019 UN Global Survey on Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation is a biannual initiative led by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in collaboration with the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and the Economic and Social Commission for West Asia (ESCWA), aimed at monitoring progress on trade facilitation in 128 economies, sharing best practices and identifying capacity building and technical assistance needs in the countries where the survey is carried out.


The role of women in cross-border trade

An interesting blog on the World Bank website explores the role of women in cross-border trade. The authors comment that, often, trade facilitation initiatives are mainly aimed to support large companies, while the reality is that at many borders, especially in developing and less developed countries, a significant share of such trade is generated by small-scale and informal trade activities that in many cases are conducted by women and that not always are accurately captured by official statistics, as described in another article published by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), that points out as cross-border trade has a strong gender dimension, being the majority of small-scale cross border traders women.


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