Wednesday, January 22, 2020
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Desiderio Consultants Ltd. is a think tank and a network of independent professional international development consultants established to promote and influence customs & trade-related policies in African nations to achieve trade facilitation reforms aimed at improving international and regional trade
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The role of women in cross-border trade

An interesting blog on the World Bank website explores the role of women in cross-border trade. The authors comment that, often, trade facilitation initiatives are mainly aimed to support large companies, while the reality is that at many borders, especially in developing and less developed countries, a significant share of such trade is generated by small-scale and informal trade activities that in many cases are conducted by women and that not always are accurately captured by official statistics, as described in another article published by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), that points out as cross-border trade has a strong gender dimension, being the majority of small-scale cross border traders women.


Understanding the International Plant Protection Convention

The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is an International Treaty established within the framework of the Food Agriculture Organization (FAO), which is aimed to prevent the spread and the introduction of pests of plants and plant products into areas where they are not present, promoting appropriate measures for their control.


Understanding the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), also known as the Washington Convention, was concluded on 3 March 1973. It entered into force after ratification or accession by 10 States, on 1 July 1975. Currently 183 Parties are signatories to the Convention, which covers 36,000 species of plants and animals, including their products and derivatives.


New edition of the AEO Compendium available

The WCO has published the 2019 edition of the Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) Compendium, an annually updated study which gives an overview of existing AEO programmes (already implemented or under development or implementation) around the world, comprising information on accreditation criteria, procedures and benefits, and with a list of Mutual Recognition Arrangements/Agreements (MRAs) signed so far between countries to mutually recognize AEO authorizations granted by their respective Customs administrations.


Port Development and Competition in East and Southern Africa

A study from the World Bank analyses the maritime capacity in the East and Southern Africa (ESA) Region, concluding that although freight volumes have been growing at 9 percent per year through some of the key ports (with transit consignments to land-locked countries growing at 16.5 percent per year until relatively recently), many of such ports are still affected with high ship waiting times, high berth occupancies, and congestion on both the land and maritime side, all factors contributing to increased transport costs.


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