Saturday, March 28, 2020
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Desiderio Consultants Ltd. is a think tank and a network of independent professional international development consultants established to promote and influence customs & trade-related policies in African nations to achieve trade facilitation reforms aimed at improving international and regional trade
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Trading for Development in the Age of Global Value Chains

The more international trade expands, the more it becomes structured aro und Global Value Chains (GVCs). GVCs have changed the way firms design, produce and distribute their goods and services, although in recent years manufacturing firms have shortened the supply chains by reducing the foreign added share in the value of final products. This has been done by shifting towards domestic, rather than international suppliers, so reversing the trend to outsource part of the productive process to foreign countries which started in the 1990's and continued in 2000's, in an attempt to obtain increased cost savings and higher efficiency.

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Towards the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area in East Africa

A new report from Trademark East Africa analyses the effects of the implementation of the AfCFTA on the EAC Region, concluding that the AfCFTA is a tremendous opportunity for achieving deeper regional integration, not only in this Region, but on all the continent.

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IGAD endorses the Protocol on Free Movement of Persons

After years of negotiations, on 26 February 2020, the seven Member States of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), namely: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Uganda, finally endorsed the Protocol on Free Movement of Persons. The Protocol marks a significant step in protecting those people in the Region that are displaced by disasters and are not qualifying for refugee status or other forms of international protection, in a Region in Africa among the worst affected by drought, flooding and environmental degradation, with additional challenges including conflict, poverty and weak governance.

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Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) monitoring systems in Africa

Apart from tariffs, there are many measures that national governments can use to limit imports, in some cases not particularly easy to detect. Among these measures there are import quotas, import licenses, discriminatory taxes or excessive document requirements applied on imports, complex or discriminatory rules of origin, extensive use of trade remedies (ex. antidumping), or the unjustified and/or improper use of health, safety regulations or quality standards to discriminate against imported products and make particularly hard their access to the national market.

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Indonesian Customs adopt blockchain technology to reduce shipping cost

The Customs and Excise Directorate General of Indonesia announced the adoption of blockchain technology for information sharing, in an effort to reduce shipping costs and eliminate inefficiency resulting from paper-based processes.

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